Learning Colours

Learning colours takes time.

Around 3 or 4 years old, children can usually name the primary colours: red, blue, yellow and green.

At 5 years old, children can name colours like purple, grey and brown.

But it’s important to remember that children don’t learn colours at the same rate, and children sometimes don’t name colours correctly before kindergarten.

 To help children to name colours correctly :

  • Comment on colours in your environment: talk children about the colour of their clothes, of their socks, of the couch, etc.
  • Teach one colour at a time; once children understand and name a particular colour, introduce the next one. 
  • Play games: cut out pictures of objects or foods that are the same colour and glue them onto cardboard.
  • Have fun finding all the objects that are the same colour in a room and then name them and their colour (“I found a red pillow! I found a red sock! I found a red shirt!”)
  • When you read together, show children the colours in the pictures and emphasize them: the sun is yellow and the crocodile is green.

written by Dounia Askafi, Speech-Language Pathology practicum student at SpeechWorks Inc., and translated from French by Stephanie Harvey. Thanks, Dounia, for all your work. Good luck with your studies!

I hope this article was useful! If you have concerns about your child’s speech or language, please contact a Speech-Language Pathologist. SpeechWorks Inc. offers SLP services in Manitoba, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, the Northwest Territories, the Yukon and Nunavut.

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